The first and most considerable Federal law on health privacy and security is the Health Insurance Portability and Accountabilty Act known as the HIPPA...
The privacy of health information becomes an important concern for all intuitions delivering healthcare.
The healthcare providers need to ensure effective level of privacy and security policies that safeguard the patient's rights.
What is HIPPA?
HIPAA protects all patient information whether it is verbal, written, or electronic.it includes all individually identifiable health information that is transmitted or maintained in any form or medium. It includes demographic information that ties the identity of the individual to his or her health record. E.g. names,addresses,geographic codes smaller than state,all dates elements related to the person, telephone numbers ,fax numbers , license numbers,social security numbers , etc.
How HIPAA Protects Private Medical Information?
Although information privacy is probably the HIPAA provision that's most well-known, it's often misunderstood. The COVID-19 pandemic exacerbated this, with some people erroneously believing that businesses asking about a person's vaccination status are violating HIPAA (they are not).
While medical privacy is only one part of HIPAA, it's understandable that it's the part that people hear about the most. Many of HIPAA's health insurance portability and preexisting condition protections were improved or replaced by ACA.
HIPAA's protection of personal health information is still something that requires compliance from numerous individuals and entities. Let's take a look at what HIPAA does to protect a person's sensitive medical information.
What information is protected under HIPAA?
The HIPAA Privacy Rule protects all individually identifiable health information that is held or transmitted by a covered entity or a BA. This information can be held in any form, including digital, paper or oral.
PHI includes but is not limited to the following:
a patient's name, address, birth date, Social Security number, biometric identifiers or other personally identifiable information (PII);
an individual's past, present or future physical or mental health condition;
any care provided to an individual; and
information concerning the past, present or future payment for the care provided to the individual that identifies the patient or information for which there is a reasonable basis to believe could be used to identify the patient.